WASHINGTON Â -Â American studentsÂ education canÂt stop when high school does. According to the new MetLife Survey of the American Teacher: Preparing Students for College and Careers, a substantial majority of teachers, parents and Fortune 1000 executives believe readying all students for college and careers should be one of the nationÂs highest priorities in education.
The survey is the 27th in an annual series commissioned by MetLife and conducted by Harris Interactive. The first of two reports from this yearÂs survey, Part 1: Clearing the Path, released today, examines the importance of being college- and career-ready, what this level of preparation includes, and what it may take to get there. The survey represents the views of middle and high school teachers, students, and parents, as well as Fortune 1000 executives.
Despite agreement overall on the importance of college- and career-readiness, the survey reveals that not everyone prioritizes it in the same way. Although large numbers of secondary school teachers (85 percent), secondary school parents (93 percent) and executives (80 percent) believe that graduating each and every student from high school ready for college and a career should be a priority, views differ on how high a priority. As a group, parents (73 percent) are the most likely to say the goal Âmust be accomplished as one of the highest priorities in education,Â in contrast to about half of teachers (54 percent) and executives (48 percent).
When it comes to students, most agree with parents on the importance of this goal as well. Eighty-four percent of middle and high school students believe that it is absolutely essential or very important that all students graduate from high school ready for college and a career, while only 16 percent say that it is somewhat important or not at all important.
The survey also examines the attitudes of parents, teachers, and executives toward some common education reform proposals, including several that are potential elements of the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, the nationÂs primary federal law governing K-12 education. President Obama has said he wants to work with Congress to reauthorize the law, better known as ÂNo Child Left Behind,Â in 2011. These include reforms such as measuring teacher effectiveness, increasing the ability of schools to remove teachers not serving students well, the redesign of the school day and calendar, the expansion of public school choice, and strengthening assistance for diverse learners. Although most members of each of the three stakeholder groups agree that these policy proposals should be priorities, they differ widely on which proposals should take precedence over others, given limited resources.
Parents (75 percent) and executives (83 percent) place the strongest emphasis on Âgiving schools more ability to remove teachers who are not serving students well,Â as one of the highest priorities in education. Teachers are less enthusiastic about this strategy, although four in ten (39 percent) agree with parents and executives that this reform measure must be done as one of the highest priorities. However an additional 41 percent of teachers believe that giving schools more ability to remove teachers who are not serving students well should be done, but rather as a lower priority.
Teachers are most likely to rate Âstrengthening programs and resources to help diverse learners with the highest needs meet college- and career-ready standardsÂ as a top priority, with 59 percent saying this must be done as one of the highest priorities in education. A similar number of parents (57 percent) agree with this view, in contrast with 31 percent of corporate executives. Additional views from secondary school teachers on how to best address the needs of students with diverse learning needs will be addressed in Part 2 of the Survey, Teaching Diverse Learners, which will be released on March 23 and will address differences in student needs and how teachers are addressing them.
ÂWe all have a role to play in ensuring that students gain the knowledge and skills needed to be successful in their education, careers, and personal lives,Â said MetLife Chairman, President, and CEO C. Robert Henrikson. ÂMetLife is committed to sharing the views of teachers and others to help launch an important discussion about priorities for education in the 21st century.Â
Key findings in the survey include:
The importance of college and career readiness
Ø Executives and students see post-secondary education as a career necessity. Most middle and high school students (84 percent) and Fortune 1000 executives (77 percent) agree there will be few or no career opportunities for todayÂs students who do not complete some education beyond high school.
Ø Teachers (57 percent) are most likely to believe that strengthening programs and resources to help diverse learners with the highest needs meet college-and career-ready standards should be one of the highest priorities in education, and a significant proportion of parents (59 percent) also rate this as one of the highest priorities.
Expectations for going to college
Ø Students have high expectations for college, and these expectations have increased over the past two decades. In 1988, 57 percent of middle and high school students said it was very likely they would go to college. By 1997, this level had increased to 67 percent. Today, 75 percent say it is very likely they will go to college.
Ø On average, teachers predict that 63 percent of their students will graduate high school ready for college without the need for remedial coursework, and that 51 percent of their students will graduate from college.
Defining college- and career-ready
Ø Nearly all English (99 percent) and math (92 percent) teachers rate the ability to write clearly and persuasively as absolutely essential or very important. But far fewer English (45 percent) and math (50 percent) teachers view knowledge and ability in higher-level mathematics, such as trigonometry and calculus, as absolutely essential or very important.
Ø Despite a national emphasis by many corporations to improve AmericaÂs math and science teaching, just three in 10 executives surveyed (31 percent) say advanced science courses are absolutely essential or very important for college- and career-readiness. Only 40 percent say advanced math knowledge and skills are this critical. In contrast, executives rate critical thinking (99 percent), problem solving (99 percent), and strong writing skills (97 percent) as absolutely essential or very important.
Ø Two-thirds of teachers (63 percent), parents (63 percent), and Fortune 1000 executives (65 percent) think that knowledge of other cultures and international issues is absolutely essential or very important to be ready for college and a careerÂincluding about two in ten who think such knowledge is absolutely essentialÂthe highest ranking (19 percent, 24 percent, and 18 percent, respectively).
Paying for and getting directions to college
Ø More students worry more about having enough money to pay for college (57 percent) than about being able to get into college (31 percent) or to succeed in college (33 percent). Hispanic and African-American students are more likely than white students to worry about being able to succeed in college (48 percent vs. 34 percent vs. 27 percent).
Ø Parents say schools are not doing enough to tell them how students can get into and pay for college. About half of parents rate their childÂs school as fair or poor at providing information to parents on the requirements to get into college (46 percent) or about the availability of financial aid for college and how to get it (52 percent).
Ø Middle school students and parents in particular express a need for information. Half or more of middle school students (53 percent) and parents of middle school students (60 percent) rate their schools as fair or poor in providing information to students about what the requirements are to get into college.
ÂWe can learn great lessons from parents and students and teachers, as well as from our nationÂs business leaders, about how to create a path that enables every child to succeed in school and beyond,Â said Dennis White, president and CEO of MetLife Foundation.
The MetLife Survey of the American Teacher: Preparing Students for College and Careers, the 27th in the series, examines the priority that all students graduate from high school prepared for college and careers, what being college- and career-ready entails, and the implications of this goal for teaching. The results are based on a national survey conducted between October 4 and November 11, 2010, of 1,000 public school teachers (grades 6-12) by telephone, and 2,002 public school students (grades 6-12), 580 parents of public school students (grades 6-12), and 301 business executives from Fortune 1000 companies online. The data were weighted to key demographic variables to align with the national population of the respective groups. No estimates of theoretical sampling error can be calculated.