Today's Date: September 19, 2021
Keter Files Registration Statement for Proposed Initial Public Offering   •   Geisinger and Acadia Healthcare Hold Groundbreaking Ceremony for New Behavioral Health Center in Moosic   •   The Africa-America Institute 2021 Awards Gala Honors CDC Africa, World Health Organization (WHO) Regional Office for Africa, and   •   The National Foundation to End Child Abuse And Neglect (EndCAN) Kicks Off 'Walk Together' Series in Three American Cities   •   U.S. Navy Memorial Dedicates Lone Sailor Statue in Cleveland, Ohio   •   Staff of Maggie’s: Toronto Sex Workers Action Project Join CUPE   •   2021 ISA Women's Influence Award Winner   •   Xi'an Taking Measures to Ensure the Smooth Running of National Games, Accelerates the Adoption of Healthy Lifestyles across the   •   Floor & Decor Launches the Grand Opening of its Waltham, Massachusetts Store on September 23, 2021   •   U.S. Navy Memorial To Hold Live Wreath Laying Ceremony in Honor of POW and MIA Remembrance   •   Logility Congratulates Mandy McCain of Berry Global, Katherine Storer of Berlin Packaging and Stephanie Francis of ChemPoint as   •   Empowering Conversation with Latina Leaders Celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month   •   Herta Takes Honda to the Pole at Laguna Seca   •   KILL Staff of Maggie’s: Toronto Sex Workers Action Project Join CUPE   •   PrimeLending Named Top Ten Best Workplace for Women   •   DKT International and The Pleasure Project Launch 12 Global Fellows to Advocate for Sexual and Reproductive Health and Rights   •   Stars of Science, the Qatar Foundation TV edutainment initiative, gives Arab women the chance to pursue their ambitions in scien   •   Event Celebrating Book Release and Upcoming Mini-Series: JOI LANSING: A BODY TO DIE FOR   •   Sobel Network's Exciting Team Expansion in the Sunshine State   •   Southeastern Grocers Partners With Feeding America® for Hunger Action Month®
Bookmark and Share

Black Infants At Increased Risk From Tobacco Smoke Exposure

 

Low levels of prenatal tobacco smoke exposure are associated with a higher risk of developmental problems for African American children than white children, according to new research from Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center.

Prenatal exposure to tobacco smoke has already been linked to prematurity and cognitive defects in young children. Previous research has also shown racial differences in metabolism of nicotine among adolescents, adults, and pregnant women. The current study focused on the developmental differences between 242 white and black children at 1 and 2 years of age. The study was limited to children whose mothers had measureable levels of cotinine – a biological byproduct of nicotine – in their blood during pregnancy.

"We found that low-level prenatal tobacco exposure was associated with deficits in both motor and cognitive development, but only for black children," said Kimberly Yolton, Ph.D., a developmental psychologist in the division of General and Community Pediatrics at Cincinnati Children's and lead investigator on the study.

The children were assessed for cognitive and motor development using The Bayley Scales of Infant Development (Second Edition). Although the researchers found no statistically significant association between prenatal tobacco exposures and lower scores in white children, Dr. Yolton stressed expectant white mothers should still refrain from smoking.

"All women should be aware of the dangers of tobacco smoke to themselves and their developing babies, but our research suggests African American women should be particularly careful during pregnancy," Dr. Yolton said.

Interestingly, although only 30 percent of mothers in the study reported any exposure to tobacco smoke – either by smoking themselves or through second-hand exposure – all had measurable cotinine levels in their blood. Dr. Yolton said this indicates expectant mothers and their children may be at risk of exposure even when they don't realize it.

"And when pregnant mothers do smoke, the nicotine easily passes through the placenta to the developing baby, and nicotine concentrations are 15 times higher in the baby's blood than the mother's," she added.

Dr. Yolton said future research efforts are aimed at better understanding the metabolic and molecular reasons for tobacco smoke's harmful affects on infants and children as well as the racial disparities associated with exposure.

 

###

Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center 

 



Back to top
| Back to home page
Video

White House Live Stream
LIVE VIDEO EVERY SATURDAY
alsharpton Rev. Al Sharpton
9 to 11 am EST
jjackson Rev. Jesse Jackson
10 to noon CST


Video

LIVE BROADCASTS
Sounds Make the News ®
WAOK-Urban
Atlanta - WAOK-Urban
KPFA-Progressive
Berkley / San Francisco - KPFA-Progressive
WVON-Urban
Chicago - WVON-Urban
KJLH - Urban
Los Angeles - KJLH - Urban
WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
New York - WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
WADO-Spanish
New York - WADO-Spanish
WBAI - Progressive
New York - WBAI - Progressive
WOL-Urban
Washington - WOL-Urban

Listen to United Natiosns News