Today's Date: April 14, 2021
Intellitec Solutions announces QuickStart for Senior Living to serve Long Term Care Communities   •   AmeriHealth Caritas Selected to Serve Ohio’s Medicaid and CHIP Populations   •   Women In Trucking Assocation Announces 2021 Driver of the Year Finalists   •   Televisa to Merge its Media, Content and Production Assets with Univision in Landmark Transaction, Creating the Premier Global S   •   Dr. Brent Moelleken Featured on Impact Podcast   •   'First Colors' Ceremony with pre-recorded remarks by President Biden to mark opening of National World War I Memorial   •   The Milwaukee Public Museum and America's Black Holocaust Museum Invite You to Take a Journey Through the Life of Nelson Mandela   •   Next Wave Impact Announces Semi-Finalists for 2021 Founders of Color Showcase   •   carafem Introduces “Cara,” First Virtual Assistant to Facilitate Abortion Care via Telemedicine, With Increased Acce   •   Turntide Technologies® Expands C-Suite With Three New Hires To Prepare For Next Phase Of Growth   •   The General® Insurance and Shaquille O’Neal Champion Communities in Need in New Bleacher Report Video Series “Sh   •   Realync Announces WCAG 2.1 Compliance, Enabling Web Accessibility in Multifamily   •   HyperX Committed to Empowering Women, Inspiring Diversity and Leveling Gaming Field for All Gamers to Achieve Their Best   •   Girls Nite Live Uplifts Women in Comedy with Virtual Stand-Up Comedy Night   •   Indigenous Growth Fund raises $150M in First Round to Support Indigenous Entrepreneurs in Canada   •   The 9 'VETERAN BASICS' to Winning Employment; A How To Guide for VETS to a Successful Job Search Mindset   •   CORRECTING and REPLACING Citizens for a Pro-Business Delaware Slams Lack of Transparency and Clear Conflicts of Interest in Rece   •   Women's Business Council - Southwest Holds Virtual Event with Resources for Women-Owned Businesses   •   First National ‘Mental Health Action Day’ to Drive People to Take a First Mental Health Action for Themselves or Oth   •   P&G Declares Dividend Increase
Bookmark and Share

Blacks Stuck In Revolving Door Of Temp Agencies

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Many welfare mothers who seek employment through temporary agencies share similar skill deficits, work barriers and family constraints as those hired directly by employers, a new University of Michigan study shows.

 

Welfare recipients who temp, however, are more likely to be African American, as well as earn significantly lower hourly wages, according to researchers at the University of Michigan and Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

 

The study analyzed employment patterns of current and former welfare recipients in temporary jobs during a six-year period following the implementation of welfare reform.

 

"Temp work is an integral component of many welfare recipients' employment trajectories as they transition off welfare," said Mary Corcoran, U-M professor of public policy and political science.

 

Five interviews (waves) between 1997 and 2003 were conducted for white and African American women with children who received welfare.

 

These women were compared on measures of skill deficits, work barriers, family characteristics and welfare histories. The skill measures include literacy deficiency, learning disabilities, knowledge of work norms and job skills. Barriers include physical limitations as well as mental health problems such as depression, alcohol or drug dependence and severe domestic violence. An indicator of family pressure measures whether the respondent has a child with a health problem.

 

Race was strongly associated with temping. African American recipients are more likely to temp (68 percent compared to 48 percent) and less likely to be in jobs with supervisory responsibility than similarly qualified and situated white recipients.

 

"This may reflect racial discrimination in access to direct‐hire and supervisory jobs," said Juan Chen, the study's lead author from Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

 

Women who work only at direct‐hire jobs reported higher hourly wages ($9.14) in wave 5 than did either recipients who temp at only one wave ($8.02) or those who temp at two or more waves ($8.23).

 

Researchers note that critics assert that women who take temp jobs become stuck in a revolving door, repeatedly cycling in and out of temporary employment. The current results provide little support for these predictions. Most of the recipients who temp do not persistently cycle in and out of temporary employment. The majority of women who temped over a 6‐year period did so for 13 or fewer weeks, and the percentage of women who temp dropped sharply from 21 percent between waves 1 and 2 to only 8 percent between waves 4 and 5, Corcoran said.

 

Respondents' own accounts also contradicted the assumption that temp jobs provide neither training nor links to regular work. The majority of women who temp reported learning job skills either while working as a temp or from agency‐provided training, the researchers said. Three in 10 reported that temping led to a regular job.

 

Agencies are more likely to provide behavioral training (workplace rules and general conduct, how to dress for a job interview) or training in blue‐collar skills (industrial skills or safety) than in white‐collar skills (computer skills, business skills).

 

The findings appear in the recent issue of Social Service Review: www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/653457

 

Corcoran: http://fordschool.umich.edu/faculty/Mary_Corcoran

 

Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy: www.fordschool.umich.edu

 

Department of Political Science: http://polisci.lsa.umich.edu




Back to top
| Back to home page
Video

White House Live Stream
LIVE VIDEO EVERY SATURDAY
alsharpton Rev. Al Sharpton
9 to 11 am EST
jjackson Rev. Jesse Jackson
10 to noon CST


Video

LIVE BROADCASTS
Sounds Make the News ®
WAOK-Urban
Atlanta - WAOK-Urban
KPFA-Progressive
Berkley / San Francisco - KPFA-Progressive
WVON-Urban
Chicago - WVON-Urban
KJLH - Urban
Los Angeles - KJLH - Urban
WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
New York - WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
WADO-Spanish
New York - WADO-Spanish
WBAI - Progressive
New York - WBAI - Progressive
WOL-Urban
Washington - WOL-Urban

Listen to United Natiosns News