June 1, 2020         
CORRECTING and REPLACING PHOTO Aramark Opens More Than 100 Pop-Up Grocery Stores for Frontline Healthcare Workers   •   Caps and Gowns Go On at Home: iQ Academy Minnesota to Celebrate Class of 2020 with Online Commencement   •   Los Angeles Urban League Addresses Protests Related to the Death of George Floyd at the Hands of Police   •   The American Legion calls for White House to protect vets 'borrower defense'   •   FDA Approves the First Oral Medication for the Management of Heavy Menstrual Bleeding Due to Uterine Fibroids in Pre-menopausal   •   MemoryCare.com Names the Best Facilities for Senior Memory Care in Springfield, MO   •   DeVry University Answers the Call to Reskill America With Complimentary Technology Skills-Building Video Series   •   CAIR Condemns Police Violence Against Protesters, Media and Bystanders Amid National Unrest   •   Navigating Pregnancy and Postpartum in the COVID-19 Era   •   ProfNet Expert Alerts for May 29, 2020   •   Maine Virtual Academy Celebrates 2020 Graduates in a COVID Era: School Will Provide Pre-Recorded Ceremonies So Families Can Acce   •   Sephora North America Evolves Its Beauty Insider Program   •   Aramark Opens More Than 100 Pop-Up Grocery Stores for Frontline Healthcare Workers   •   Teamsters Statement On Murder Of George Floyd   •   Robert Half's Lynne Smith Honored As An Influential Woman In Bay Area Business   •   LetsGetChecked Debuts FDA EUA-Authorized At-Home Coronavirus (COVID-19) Sure-track Test   •   PieMatrix Offers Free COVID-19 Back to Business Tool with CDC Content Hidden by Trump Administration   •   Gynesonics Receives FDA Clearance to Market Next Generation Sonata® System 2.1   •   HealthyChildren.org Pays Tribute to Dad with Sweepstakes Giveaway   •   RGENIX Shows Clinical Activity of Novel Agent RGX-202 in Patients with KRAS Mutant Colorectal Cancer in Phase 1 Trial
Bookmark and Share

Blacks Stuck In Revolving Door Of Temp Agencies

ANN ARBOR, Mich.---Many welfare mothers who seek employment through temporary agencies share similar skill deficits, work barriers and family constraints as those hired directly by employers, a new University of Michigan study shows.

 

Welfare recipients who temp, however, are more likely to be African American, as well as earn significantly lower hourly wages, according to researchers at the University of Michigan and Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

 

The study analyzed employment patterns of current and former welfare recipients in temporary jobs during a six-year period following the implementation of welfare reform.

 

"Temp work is an integral component of many welfare recipients' employment trajectories as they transition off welfare," said Mary Corcoran, U-M professor of public policy and political science.

 

Five interviews (waves) between 1997 and 2003 were conducted for white and African American women with children who received welfare.

 

These women were compared on measures of skill deficits, work barriers, family characteristics and welfare histories. The skill measures include literacy deficiency, learning disabilities, knowledge of work norms and job skills. Barriers include physical limitations as well as mental health problems such as depression, alcohol or drug dependence and severe domestic violence. An indicator of family pressure measures whether the respondent has a child with a health problem.

 

Race was strongly associated with temping. African American recipients are more likely to temp (68 percent compared to 48 percent) and less likely to be in jobs with supervisory responsibility than similarly qualified and situated white recipients.

 

"This may reflect racial discrimination in access to direct‐hire and supervisory jobs," said Juan Chen, the study's lead author from Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

 

Women who work only at direct‐hire jobs reported higher hourly wages ($9.14) in wave 5 than did either recipients who temp at only one wave ($8.02) or those who temp at two or more waves ($8.23).

 

Researchers note that critics assert that women who take temp jobs become stuck in a revolving door, repeatedly cycling in and out of temporary employment. The current results provide little support for these predictions. Most of the recipients who temp do not persistently cycle in and out of temporary employment. The majority of women who temped over a 6‐year period did so for 13 or fewer weeks, and the percentage of women who temp dropped sharply from 21 percent between waves 1 and 2 to only 8 percent between waves 4 and 5, Corcoran said.

 

Respondents' own accounts also contradicted the assumption that temp jobs provide neither training nor links to regular work. The majority of women who temp reported learning job skills either while working as a temp or from agency‐provided training, the researchers said. Three in 10 reported that temping led to a regular job.

 

Agencies are more likely to provide behavioral training (workplace rules and general conduct, how to dress for a job interview) or training in blue‐collar skills (industrial skills or safety) than in white‐collar skills (computer skills, business skills).

 

The findings appear in the recent issue of Social Service Review: www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/full/10.1086/653457

 

Corcoran: http://fordschool.umich.edu/faculty/Mary_Corcoran

 

Gerald R. Ford School of Public Policy: www.fordschool.umich.edu

 

Department of Political Science: http://polisci.lsa.umich.edu




Back to top
| Back to home page
Video

White House Live Stream
LIVE VIDEO EVERY SATURDAY
alsharpton Rev. Al Sharpton
9 to 11 am EST
jjackson Rev. Jesse Jackson
10 to noon CST


Video

LIVE BROADCASTS
Sounds Make the News ®
WAOK-Urban
Atlanta - WAOK-Urban
KPFA-Progressive
Berkley / San Francisco - KPFA-Progressive
WVON-Urban
Chicago - WVON-Urban
KJLH - Urban
Los Angeles - KJLH - Urban
WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
New York - WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
WADO-Spanish
New York - WADO-Spanish
WBAI - Progressive
New York - WBAI - Progressive
WOL-Urban
Washington - WOL-Urban

Listen to United Natiosns News