August 13, 2020         
Little Sunshine's Playhouse and Preschool Ranks No. 2690 on the 2020 Inc. 5000 List of America's Fastest Growing Companies   •   Rythmia Life Advancement Center Announces Sweeping Renovation of All Guest Rooms   •   Pioneering Japanese American Artist Ruth Asawa Honored With Forever Stamps   •   Former Education Secretary Arne Duncan to headline Aug. 17 National Press Club panel on importance of maintaining school meal pr   •   Indian American Community and USINPAC Congratulate Sen. Kamala Harris   •   Amazon Announces New Fulfillment Center and Delivery Station in Forney, TX   •   Lightbridge Academy Franchise Ranked in the Inc. 5000 List of the Fastest-Growing Private Companies in America   •   Boys and Girls Clubs of Canada & Hyundai Canada announce Youth of the Year   •   Ralph Lauren Corporation Announces Investment in Leading Sustainable Material Science Startup Natural Fiber Welding   •   HARMAN Launches AccuAlertMe – An Enterprise Platform to Enable Workplace Safety for Employees and Visitors   •   The Outrage Founder, Rebecca Lee Funk, Announces VOTE Collaboration with Naturalizer   •   It’s Never Too Early for Pumpkin Spice Beverages at Joe Muggs   •   National Museum of African American Music Plans Digital & In-Person Experiences For Fall Roll Out   •   Back-to-School Must Include a Renewed Focus on Children's Vision   •   United Health Foundation Donates $1,250,000 to ECU to Support Maternal Health Needs of North Carolina Amid COVID-19 Pandemic   •   Actions Speak Louder: Lincoln Financial Group Takes Steps to Improve Lives, Communities and the Environment   •   Brick-and-Mortar and Phone-Based Sales Reps Still Play Key Role in Wireless Purchase Experience, J.D. Power Finds   •   Facedrive Enters Into Strategic Partnership and Investment Agreement With Tally, Gamification Platform Founded by Super Bowl-Win   •   Government of Canada announces support for young children and families in Official Language Minority Communities across Canada   •   Dr. Susan Hardwick-Smith Brings Cliovana™ to Complete Midlife Wellness Center
Bookmark and Share

Civil War Map Depicts Slavery Population

 

 

BLACK NEWS, AFRICAN AMERICAN NEWS, MINORITY NEWS, CIVIL RIGHTS NEWS, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM, RACIAL EQUALITY, BIAS, EQUALITY, AFRO AMERICAN NEWS

Map entitled “Map showing the distribution of the slave population of the southern states and the United States” was created in September 1861 based on statistics from the eighth Census, (Credit: NOAA)

WASHINGTON - It isn’t often that a map visually displays a moral issue facing a divided nation and then affects a President’s response. Yet nearly 150 years ago, the U.S. Coast Survey — NOAA’s predecessor organization — produced such a map that, according to historians, President Abraham Lincoln used to coordinate military operations with his emancipation policies.

Created in September 1861, the map entitled “Map showing the distribution of the slave population of the southern states and the United States” is based on statistics from the eighth Census. It is included in NOAA’s new special collection of Civil War maps and charts, “Charting a More Perfect Union,” which contains over 400 documents gathered in one place to mark the 150th anniversary of the Civil War.

“The map was among the first to use shading to represent the human population,” explains retired NOAA Corps Capt. Albert Theberge, the chief of reference for the NOAA Central Library. “It is a prime example of how Coast Survey science aided the Union cause during the Civil War.”

In addition to initiating a trend of statistical cartography, the map’s thematic display of “moral statistics” was revolutionary in affecting political change.

Northern audiences were able to see that the first states to secede were those with the most slaves. Using shading to represent the human population, the darkest areas of the maps show the highest density slave populations, and the order of secession corresponds closely to the shade densities of the map. Moreover, a table in the corner of the map shows the number of slaves in each state and the proportion of slaves to the total population.

BLACK NEWS, AFRICAN AMERICAN NEWS, MINORITY NEWS, CIVIL RIGHTS NEWS, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM, RACIAL EQUALITY, BIAS, EQUALITY, AFRO AMERICAN NEWS

"First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation" by Francis Bicknell Carpenter. The "Map Showing the Distribution of the Slate Population" is in the lower right corner.

The 1860 Census was supervised by Joseph Camp Griffith Kennedy who had wanted to include slaves by name in the U.S. Census Report, but Congress refused. Alexander D. Bache was the U.S. Coast Survey superintendent at the time, and the map was created under Edwin Hergesheimer, a cartographer with U.S. Coast Survey’s drawing division.

It was Francis Bicknell Carpenter, painter of “First Reading of the Emancipation Proclamation of President Lincoln” in 1864, who first noticed that President Lincoln frequently consulted this map in considering the relationship between emancipation and military strategy. Carpenter had spent the first six months of 1864 in the White House preparing the portrait and noted that Lincoln would look at the map and send his armies to free blacks in some of the highest density areas in order to destabilize Southern order. The Emancipation Proclamation became law on Jan. 1, 1863.

The NOAA connection to the map had been lost over the decades. John Cloud, Ph.D., a historian and NOAA employee who was recovering significant Coast Survey cartographic products in NOAA’s Climate Database Modernization Program, recently discovered the connection with Hergesheimer and the U.S. Coast Survey.

The Office of Coast Survey’s “Charting a More Perfect Union” project is supported by the NOAA Preserve America Initiative — part of a federal initiative to preserve, protect and promote our nation's rich heritage.

NOAA’s mission is to understand and predict changes in the Earth's environment, from the depths of the ocean to the surface of the sun, and to conserve and manage our coastal and marine resources. 


STORY TAGS: BLACK NEWS, AFRICAN AMERICAN NEWS, MINORITY NEWS, CIVIL RIGHTS NEWS, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM, RACIAL EQUALITY, BIAS, EQUALITY, AFRO AMERICAN NEWS

Video

White House Live Stream
LIVE VIDEO EVERY SATURDAY
alsharpton Rev. Al Sharpton
9 to 11 am EST
jjackson Rev. Jesse Jackson
10 to noon CST


Video

LIVE BROADCASTS
Sounds Make the News ®
WAOK-Urban
Atlanta - WAOK-Urban
KPFA-Progressive
Berkley / San Francisco - KPFA-Progressive
WVON-Urban
Chicago - WVON-Urban
KJLH - Urban
Los Angeles - KJLH - Urban
WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
New York - WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
WADO-Spanish
New York - WADO-Spanish
WBAI - Progressive
New York - WBAI - Progressive
WOL-Urban
Washington - WOL-Urban

Listen to United Natiosns News