Today's Date: March 2, 2021
1,000 Dreams Fund to Celebrate Women Broadcasters with Twitch Throughout Women's History Month   •   The Change Company Partners with Netflix to Expand Black Homeownership   •   Thompson Hospitality Founder and CEO to Get Spotlight at Fairfax County EDA’s March 2 Entrepreneurship Workshop   •   SITE Centers Announces Offering of Common Shares   •   IG Design Group Americas, Inc. Names Christy Kaprosy as a New Executive Vice President on Its Leadership Team   •   John Paul Mitchell Systems Promotes Michaeline DeJoria to Chief Executive Officer   •   Sally Beauty Holdings Announces Participation at the Raymond James Institutional Investors Conference   •   Women InNovation - Nordic Virtual Conference Grows Support for Female Founders Globally   •   ColorComm Celebrates Representation Through #IAMCOLORCOMM For Women's History Month   •   Nationally Syndicated Talk Show Host Roland Martin Headlines Racial and Economic Justice Town Hall Focused on New Jersey   •   Opal Apples is Now Accepting Applicants for Youth Make a Difference Grant   •   Strong February Sales For Kia Motors America   •   Healthy for Life® 20 by 20 Marks Five Year Milestone by Reporting on Healthy Menu Innovation and Announcing Expanded Nutriti   •   FOREO Takes Your Hour, Her Power® Pledge With Dress for Success® To Celebrate International Women's Day   •   The Empowering Animated Short Film "The Power of Hope" Directed By Kalia Love Jones Inspires Michelle Obama And Many Others   •   Fashwire Partners with the Council of Fashion Designers of America, Donating $1.00 for Every Download to Support the 25th Annive   •   Conclusion of Black History Month 2021   •   Karmanos Cancer Institute Recognizes March as Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month   •   New Alzheimer's Association Report Examines Racial and Ethnic Attitudes on Alzheimer's and Dementia Care   •   Southeastern Grocers Launches Supplier Diversity Program Aimed To Enhance Inclusivity
Bookmark and Share

Large Scale Effort Begins For Inmates With AIDS

WASHINGTON -Twelve scientific teams in more than a dozen states will receive National Institutes of Health grants to study effective ways to prevent and treat HIV/AIDS among people in the criminal justice system. The grants, announced today, will be awarded primarily by the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), with additional support from the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) and the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID), all components of NIH. The research will take place over a five-year period.

"These important and wide reaching research grants will focus on identifying individuals with HIV within the criminal justice system and linking them to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) during periods of incarceration and after community re-entry," said NIDA Director Dr. Nora D. Volkow. "We hope this effort will lead to decreased HIV/AIDS-related illness and death among those in the criminal justice system, as well as decrease HIV transmission in the community at-large, making an important impact on public health."

The seek, test and treat funding opportunity follows NIH-sponsored research conducted over the last few years which has indicated that identifying and offering treatment to all medically eligible HIV-positive individuals cannot only stop progression to AIDS and AIDS-related death, but can also help to prevent HIV transmission. These new grants will apply this strategy to the criminal justice system, where there is a high prevalence of HIV/AIDS and often poor access to treatment.

The newly funded research will compare different modalities of the seek, test, and treat strategy to identify, test, engage and retain HIV-positive offenders in treatment. Some of the projects will create and compare systems to better integrate and coordinate HIV management efforts within jails, prisons, health departments, universities, and community organizations. The grants will also support randomized controlled trials among large groups of HIV-positive parolees and probationers comparing varied approaches for linking them to screening, treatment and social services in their communities.

"We are learning that treatment can be one of the most powerful forms of prevention," said NIMH Director Dr. Thomas Insel. "But treatment of HIV-infected men and women during or after incarceration is a challenge, especially when many have co-occurring mental or substance abuse disorders. We know that patients will stay connected to HIV care if their mental health improves. NIMH's project involves intensive case management for African-American and Latino parolees in Oakland, California."

The grants will support research in a diverse group of jails and prison systems, including the Los Angeles County Jail; the Cook County Jail in Chicago; the Rikers Island correctional facility in New York City; jail facilities in Washington, D.C., as well as prison systems in Illinois, North Carolina, Texas, Wisconsin and Rhode Island. One of the grants will compare levels of care and adherence to HAART treatment among HIV-positive injection-drug using detainees in Hanoi, Vietnam, a city with a high rate of HIV infection related to drug use. Two of the projects will study the effectiveness of medication used to treat heroin addiction among HIV-positive injection drug users who are transitioning to home communities.

"The strategy of providing widespread, voluntary testing for HIV infection, identifying individuals infected with the virus and better linking those patients to antiretroviral treatment and medical care is one that NIH is pursuing in a number of different populations," said NIAID Director Dr. Anthony S. Fauci. "It is a potentially viable way to reduce HIV transmission and improve the health of those infected with the virus."

Currently, an estimated 1.1 million people in the United States are infected with HIV. Since the late 1990s, the number of new HIV infections has remained relatively stable with approximately 56,000 new infections reported annually. The funding opportunity, Seek, Test, and Treat: Addressing HIV in the Criminal Justice System, represents NIH’s largest research initiative to date to aggressively identify and treat HIV-positive inmates, parolees and probationers and to help them continue care when they return to their communities. Close to $50 million dollars in grants over a five-year period are expected under this research initiative.

About four of every 10 AIDS deaths are related to drug abuse. Each year, an estimated one in seven individuals infected with HIV passes through a correctional facility suggesting that a disproportionate number of people in the criminal justice system are infected with the virus.

The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) is a component of the National Institutes of Health, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. NIDA supports most of the world’s research on the health aspects of drug abuse and addiction. The Institute carries out a large variety of programs to inform policy and improve practice.

The mission of The National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) is to transform the understanding and treatment of mental illnesses through basic and clinical research, paving the way for prevention, recovery and cure. 

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) — The Nation's Medical Research Agency — includes 27 Institutes and Centers and is a component of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. It is the primary federal agency for conducting and supporting basic, clinical and translational medical research, and it investigates the causes, treatments, and cures for both common and rare diseases.


STORY TAGS: GENERAL , BLACKS , AFRICAN AMERICAN , LATINO , HISPANIC , MINORITIES , CIVIL RIGHTS , DISCRIMINATION , RACISM , DIVERSITY , RACIAL EQUALITY , BIAS , EQUALITY



Back to top
| Back to home page
Video

White House Live Stream
LIVE VIDEO EVERY SATURDAY
alsharpton Rev. Al Sharpton
9 to 11 am EST
jjackson Rev. Jesse Jackson
10 to noon CST


Video

LIVE BROADCASTS
Sounds Make the News ®
WAOK-Urban
Atlanta - WAOK-Urban
KPFA-Progressive
Berkley / San Francisco - KPFA-Progressive
WVON-Urban
Chicago - WVON-Urban
KJLH - Urban
Los Angeles - KJLH - Urban
WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
New York - WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
WADO-Spanish
New York - WADO-Spanish
WBAI - Progressive
New York - WBAI - Progressive
WOL-Urban
Washington - WOL-Urban

Listen to United Natiosns News