February 29, 2020         
Professional CEUS Company Integrates New Technology to Increase Accessibility of its Best-In-Class Professional CEU Development   •   Sports Facilities Advisory (SFA) Confirms The Youth Sports Industry is Producing A Real Estate Development Boom   •   P&G Recognizes Top Agencies   •   Macy’s, Inc. Board Declares Quarterly Dividend   •   National Partnership Forms to Take Bold Steps in Hypertension Control   •   Big Air Trampoline Park To Open In Chandler, AZ   •   Smart Financial Gives Back to the Community and Each Other   •   Howard University Announces Dates of 2020 Homecoming Week, Slated October 10-18, 2020   •   The Quinism Foundation Calls on GSK to Take Action to Better Emphasize Limitations of Use for Krintafel® (Tafenoquine)   •   Government of Canada supports survivors of gender-based violence in the Northwest Territories   •   Citizen Watch America Celebrates “March Is Me” Month   •   Latino Food Industry Association Appoints Grocery Industry Veteran Lupillo Ramirez To Head Organization   •   Cryos USA Hosts First Assisted Reproductive Technology Symposium   •   Best Buy Announces Regular Quarterly Cash Dividend   •   Mary Kay Inc. Partners With SPICE to Help Shape the Future of Sustainable Packaging   •   Oberlin to Launch Liberal Arts-Centered Integrative Concentration in Business   •   The Conservation Society of San Antonio to bring the city's culture alive with the 72nd presentation of "A Night In Old San Anto   •   2020 Super Tuesday Voters Media Usage Study   •   Christopher & Banks Corporation Announces New Credit Facility Package That Provides Additional Liquidity of $6-$8 Million to   •   ItsHot.com Celebrates 15th Anniversary of Premier Luccello Jewelry Line
Bookmark and Share

Neighborhood Segregation Affects Cancer Risk

ANN ARBOR, MI.---Older people who live in racially segregated neighborhoods with high crime rates have a much higher chance of developing cancer than do older people with similar health histories and income levels who live in safer, less segregated neighborhoods.

 

That is one of the key findings of a new study forthcoming in the January 2011 issue of the American Journal of Public Health. The study was conducted by Vicki Freedman, an epidemiologist at the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research and colleagues at the University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey. 

 

One of a growing number of studies documenting the connection between neighborhood characteristics and chronic health conditions, it is the first to show that living in more highly segregated areas with higher crime rates is linked with an increased risk of developing cancers of all kinds---for whites as well as Blacks.

 

The chance of developing cancer is 31 percent higher for older men living in these kinds of neighborhoods, and 25 percent higher for older women.

 

The study also found that living in low-income neighborhoods increased the chances that older women would develop heart problems by 20 percent. They found no impact on older men.

 

The researchers based their analysis partly on data from the ISR Health & Retirement Study, a nationally representative, longitudinal survey of more than 20,000 Americans age 50 and over, funded primarily by the National Institute on Aging, part of the National Institutes of Health.

 

For their analysis, the researchers analyzed detailed measures of self-reported individual health histories, matched with multiple indicators of the social, economic, and physical conditions of the neighborhoods in which individuals lived.

 

According to the authors, the study's findings point to potentially new pathways through which the neighborhood environment may influence the development of chronic disease. For example, much of the previous research on cancer and the environment has emphasized lifestyle factors such as tobacco use, diet and exercise, and exposure to cancer-causing agents, rather than the social and economic aspects of the environment.

 

Although the link between racial segregation and health is often cited as a fundamental cause of health and mortality disparities between Blacks and whites, the most common explanation for the link is that segregation influences socioeconomic deprivation and individual socioeconomic attainment. "But we found that segregation and crime increased the chances of developing cancer even after we controlled for socioeconomic resources at both the individual and the neighborhood level," Freedman said.

 

The researchers also examined levels of exposure to air pollution and other environmental toxins, but found that crime rates and racial segregation levels independently predicted cancer onset.

 

"The remarkable similarity in the size and strength of this relationship for both men and women is quite surprising given differences in the types of cancer each gender develops," she said. "This suggests that a nonspecific biological mechanism may be involved, possibly a stress response that interrupts the body's ability to fight the development of cancer cells."

 

Freedman and co-authors call for further research into the social and biological mechanisms that underlie this link, noting that the addition of biological measures to the ISR Health & Retirement Study, the ISR Panel Study of Income Dynamics, and other longitudinal national surveys will makes this type of analysis possible in the near future.

 

* * * * * * * *

 

Established in 1949, the University of Michigan Institute for Social Research (ISR) is the world's largest academic social science survey and research organization, and a world leader in developing and applying social science methodology, and in educating researchers and students from around the world. ISR conducts some of the most widely-cited studies in the nation, including the Thomson Reuters/University of Michigan Surveys of Consumers, the American National Election Studies, the Monitoring the Future Study, the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, the Health and Retirement Study, the Columbia County Longitudinal Study and the National Survey of Black Americans. ISR researchers also collaborate with social scientists in more than 60 nations on the World Values Surveys and other projects, and the Institute has established formal ties with universities in Poland, China, and South Africa. ISR is also home to the Inter-University Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), the world's largest digital social science data archive. 

 


STORY TAGS: GENERAL, BLACKS, AFRICAN AMERICAN, LATINO, HISPANIC, MINORITIES, CIVIL RIGHTS, DISCRIMINATION, RACISM, DIVERSITY, RACIAL EQUALITY, BIAS, EQUALITY



Back to top
| Back to home page
Video

White House Live Stream
LIVE VIDEO EVERY SATURDAY
Breaking News
alsharpton Rev. Al Sharpton
9 to 11 am EST
jjackson Rev. Jesse Jackson
10 to noon CST


Video

LIVE BROADCASTS
Sounds Make the News ®
WAOK-Urban
Atlanta - WAOK-Urban
KPFA-Progressive
Berkley / San Francisco - KPFA-Progressive
WVON-Urban
Chicago - WVON-Urban
KJLH - Urban
Los Angeles - KJLH - Urban
WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
New York - WKDM-Mandarin Chinese
WADO-Spanish
New York - WADO-Spanish
WBAI - Progressive
New York - WBAI - Progressive
WOL-Urban
Washington - WOL-Urban

Listen to United Natiosns News